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2018医博英语语法考点之完全倒装

来源:互联网 时间:2017/9/21 15:51:03

  2018医学考博英语正在备考阶段,在英语的复习中,除了基本的单词需要记忆,考试中常见的语法结构也必须掌握,只有掌握一定语法知识,考生才能在做阅读或者完型填空,英语写作的时候快速读懂文章,选择出正确的答案。环球卓越为考生分享英语语法考点之完全倒装

  完全倒装

  1) 完全倒装即把整个谓语放到主语之前(是整个谓语动词,而非助动词)。

  例如:The teacher came in and the class began.(没有倒装)

  In came the teacher and the class began. (老师走了进来,然后开始上课。)

  2) there引出的完全倒装句:除了最常见的there be句型以外,there还可以接appear, exist, lie, remain, seem to be, stand等,一般都译成"有"的含义,构成完全倒装句。

  例如:There appeared to be a man in black in the distance.(远处有个穿黑色衣服的人。)

  3) 由地点和时间副词引出的完全倒装句:以地点副词here, there和时间副词now, then 开头,后面的动词是be, come, exist, fall, follow, go, lie, remain, seem, stand等,而主语又是名词时,构成完全倒装句。Up climbed the boy when his mother came.

  4)表示运动方向的副词或地点状语置于句首,谓语表示运动的动词且主语是名词时使用完全倒装

  5)在强调状语时

  (1)当句首状语为方位词或拟声词,谓语动词为go, come等表示位置转移的动词时句子须倒装。例如:

  1 Up went the plane.

  2 In came the chairman and the meeting began.

  注:如果主语是代词则不发生倒装。例如:

  1 Out they rushed!

  2 Lower and lower he bent.

  (2) 当句首状语为表示地点的介词词组时,句子须倒装。例如:

  1 Round the corner walked a large policeman.

  2Under the table was lying a half-conscious young man.

  (3)当句首状语由“only +副词”,“only +介词词组”,“only +状语从句”构成时,句子须倒装。例如:

  1 Only yesterday did he find out that his watch was missing. (不属于完全倒装)

  2 Only because there were some cancelled bookings did he get some tickets in the end.

  6)当句首状语为here, there, now, then等时,句子须倒装,主语是代词时,句子不用倒装。例如:

  1)Here is a ticket for you.

  2)Now comes your turn.

  3)Here he comes.

  7)以关联词so (…that)开头的句子中,句子须倒装。例如:

  1)So small was the mark that I could hardly see it.

  2)So quickly did the workmen finish their work that they were given a bonus.

  3)So much does he worry about his financial position that he can’t sleep at night.

  注:在该结构中,“so +形容词”是表语的前置;“so +副词”是状语的前置。

  在叙事性书面语中,直接引语后常跟asked Mary, answered John, said the old lady, grunted Peter之类的词语。在这些

  词语中,动词常的主语之前,主语是代词时,不用倒装。例如:

  1)“What do you mean?” asked Henry.

  2)“What do you mean?” he asked.

  . often, many a time等表示频度的状语置于句首时

  例如:Often did they think of going there, but they never had a chance.

  在as, though引导的让步状语从句中

  在as, though引导的让步状语从句中,一般将形容词、副词或名词等置于句首。例如:

  1)Small as the atom is, we can smash it.

  2)Big as the workpiece is, it is turned out with

  Out rushed a missile from under the bomber. 轰炸机肚底下窜出一枚导弹。

  Out he rushed.

  注意:

  1) 在here, there引出的倒装句中,当主语是普通名词时用完全倒装句,但当主语是代词时,就要用部分倒装句。

  例:Here comes the postman!(邮递员终于来了!注意实意谓语动词位于主语之前。)

  Here we are.(我们到了。注意系动词位于主语代词之后。)

  2) 当主语是代词,谓语是系动词,表语是说明性的词、词组和定语从句时,可以使用完全倒装句,起强调作用。

  例:Lucky is he who has been enrolled into a famous university.(他真幸运,被一所名牌大学录取了。)

  Typical for China is the crosstalk show where a pair of comedians entertains the audience with word play.(中国典型的是相声表演,两个喜剧演员通过文字游戏逗乐观众)

 





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